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    托福写作语法分析
    2018-02-12 17:45:33      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 915

      托福写作中分数的提高,语法是占很大的原因。环球教育发现考生们在运用中多会出现错误,通过对托福写作语法的详细分析,同学们在备考中可以作为参考并及时发现新的考试错误,在托福写作中获得高分。

    重庆环球教育

      1.非谓语动词使用不当

      原:Comparing with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important.

      改:Compared with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important.

      评:此处是动词compare的现在分词和过去分词使用混淆了。在英语中,动词的现在分词往往表示的是主动的意思,过去分词则表示被动的含义。原句想表达的是“将成就感与钱相比”,“把…与…相比”是明显的被动含义,因此应该使用compared.

      2. 时态混乱

      原:Although I have no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job.

      改:Although I had no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job.

      评:虽然托福写作以议论文为主,为了表示客观性,基本上使用的都是现在时态,但是在举例的时候还是会涉及到一些过去时态,例如上面的句子,切记:主从句时态要保持一致。

      3. 表述累赘

      原:Internet plays an important and indispensible role in people's life today.

      改:Internet plays an indispensible role in people's life today.

      评:这个句子一看就知道是作者为了使用高级词汇而犯下的错误。明明已经有Important来表示重要性了,又强行加上了indispensible来表示不可缺少,这种说法只有在中国政府工作报告中才会出现的,老美是不喜欢的!

      4. 用词不当:用词不当包括词性混淆,同义词错用以及固定搭配错误等。

      词性混淆:

      原句:A large number of people hold the believe that students' social activities should be the first priority.

      改:A large number of people hold the belief that students' social activities should be the first priority.

      评:这个例子中believe是动词,belief才是名词形式。虽然发音相近,但是用法却完全不同。

      同义词错用:

      原句:It's indeed that people are worrying about the increasing population.

      改:It's true that people are worrying about the increasing population.

      评:虽然二者都表示“真的”,indeed却没有it's indeed that…的结构,此处只能用true来表示。

      固定搭配错误:

      原句:As a friend and mentor, she drew from humor, a beautiful spirit and her faith in the Aboriginal culture to accomplish her work.

      改:As a friend and mentor, she drew on humor, a beautiful spirit and her faith in the Aboriginal culture to accomplish her work.

      评:draw from: 从……中汲取(经验等), draw on:借鉴(经验等)作者本想使用一个高级的表达法,结果用错了,很可惜。


     

     
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