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    重庆雅思辅导班指出的十大常见写作错误
    2019-03-28 09:24:13      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 146

      雅思考试中,雅思写作是最容易闹笑话的,小编在这边就帮大家总结了10个常见的错误,看看你中招了没!

      一.不一致(disagreements)

      所谓不一致不但指主谓不一致,它还包含了数的不一致 时态不一致及代词不一 致等.

      例1. when one have money ,he can do what he want to .

      (人一旦有了钱,他就能想干啥就干啥.)

      分析:one是奇数第三人称,因此本句的have应改为has ;同理,want应改为wants.本句是典型的主谓不一致.

      改为: once one has money ,he can do what he wants (to do)

      二.修饰语错位(misplaced modifiers)

      英语与汉语不一样,同一个修饰语置于语句不一样的方位,语句的意义也许导致改变.关于这一点中国学生通常没有导致满足的注重,因此造成了不必要的误解.例1. i believe i can do it well and i will better know the world outside the campus.

      分析:better方位不妥,应置于句末.

      三.语句不完好(sentence fragments)

      在白话中,外交双方可凭借手势口气上下文等,不完好的语句完全能够被理解.但是书面语就不一样了,语句构造不完好会令意思表达不清,这种状况常常发作在主句写完以后,笔者又想加些弥补阐明时发作.

      例1. there are many ways to know the society. for example by tv ,radio ,newspaper and so on .

      分析:本句后半有些"for example by tv ,radio ,newspaper and so on .”不是一个完好的语句,仅为一些不连贯的词语,不能独立成句.

      改为:there are many ways to know society ,for example ,by tv ,radio ,and newspaper.

      四.悬垂修饰语(dangling modifiers)

      所谓悬垂修饰语是指句首的短语与后边语句的逻辑联系紊乱不清.例如:at the age of ten, my grandfather died. 这句中"at the age of ten"只点出十岁时,但没有阐明” 谁”十岁时.按通常推理不也许是my grandfather, 假如咱们把这个悬垂修饰语改清晰一点,全句就不那么费解了.

      改为:when i was ten, my grandfather died.

      例1. to do well in college, good grades are essential.

      分析:句中不定式短语 “to do well in college” 的逻辑主语不清楚.

      改为:to do well in college, a student needs good grades.

      五.词性误用(misuse of parts of speech)

      “词性误用”常表现为:介词当动词用;形容词当副词用;名词当动词用等.

      例1. none can negative the importance of money.

      分析:negative 系形容词,误作动词。

      改为:none can deny the importance of money.

      六.指代不清(ambiguous reference of pronouns)

      指代不清首要讲的是代词与被指代的人或物联系不清,或许先后所用的代词不一致。试看下面这一句:

      mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted her to be her bridesmaid.

      (玛丽和我姐姐很要好,由于她要她做她的伴娘。)

      读完上面这一句话,读者无法清晰地判别两位姑娘中谁将结婚,谁将当伴娘。假如咱们把易于导致误解的代词的所指目标加以清晰,意思就一望而知了。这个语句可改为:

      mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted my sister to be her bridesmaid.

      例1. and we can also know the society by serving it yourself.

      分析:句中人称代词we 和反身代词yourself指代不一致。改为:

      we can also know society by serving it ourselves.

      七.不间断语句(run-on sentences)

      啥叫run-on sentence?请看下面的例句。

      例1. there are many ways we get to know the outside world.

      分析:这个语句包含了两层完好的意思:“there are many ways.” 以及“we get to know the outside world.”。简单地把它们连在一起就不妥当了。

      改为:there are many ways for us to learn about the outside world. 或:

      there are many ways through which we can become acquainted with the outside world

      八.措词缺点(troubles in diction)

      diction 是指在特定的语句中如何适当地选用词语的疑问,囿于教育时刻急迫,老师平常在这方面花的时刻通常极端有限,影响了学生在写作中没有养成良好的琢磨,酌量的习气。他们通常随心所欲,拿来就用。所以作文中用词不妥的过错举目皆是。

      例1. the increasing use of chemical obstacles in agriculture also makes pollution.

      (农业方面化学物质运用的不断添加也造成了污染。)

      分析:显然,考生把obstacles“妨碍”,“妨碍物”误作substance“物质”了。别的“the increasing use (不断添加的运用)” 应改为“abusive use (滥用)”。

      改为:the abusive use of chemical substances in agriculture also causes/leads to pollution.

      九.累赘(redundancy)

      言以简练为贵。写语句没有一个多余的词;写阶段没有一个无必要的语句。能用单词的不必词组;能用词组的不必从句或语句。如:

      in spite of the fact that he is lazy, i like him.

      本句的“the fact that he is lazy”系同谓语从句,咱们按照上述“能用词组的不必从句”能够改为:in spite of his laziness, i like him.

      例1. for the people who are diligent and kind, money is just the thing to be used to buy the thing they need.

      分析:全部语句能够大大简化。

      改为:diligent, caring people use money only to buy what they need.

      十.不连贯(incoherence)

      不连贯是指一个语句前言不对后语,或是构造上不疏通。这也是考生常犯的缺点。

      例1. the fresh water, it is the most important things of the earth.

      分析:the fresh water 与逗号后的it 不连贯。it 与things 在数方面不一致。

      改为:fresh water is the most important thing in the world.

      以上就是小编给大家整理的全部内容了,想要了解更多资讯就到本站雅思频道。

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