2019-04-04 14:36:50      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 157





      Women find they must work to earn enough money to provide for their family.

      Once they get married, the majority of women continue working since the financial pressures of setting up a house and establishing a reasonable standard of living often require two incomes.

      Those professional childcare facilities come at a cost and often require two salaries coming into a family to be afforded.

      Indeed it could be argued that by giving mothers the opportunity to work and earn extra money children can be better provided for than previously. There is more money for luxuries and holidays and a more secure family life is possible.


      The arts can be an important attraction for tourists, bringing considerable revenue into the country.

      Government subsidy of the arts is unnecessary as if art is good enough, then people will pay for it. If art is not good enough to be popular, then government should not reward it for its failure.

      Art is not a commodity.


      It is cheaper to kill them than to imprison for life.

      Prisons in many countries are over-crowded and under-funded, and this problem is made worse by life sentences or delayed death sentences for murderers.


      Globalisation has increased world prosperity.

      血腥运动(Blood sports):

      Many rural communities would be devastated by a ban on hunting.


      If everyone spoke the same language it would be much easier for people to move and work in different countries or to conduct trade with each other.


      Parents often find some uniform items, e.g. jackets, very expensive compared to the rest of their child’s wardrobe, and complain they can never be worn outside the school environment.


      They identify population control as a means to raising living standards.

      If education does not succeed within a time scale, it may be necessary to consider other measures, such as tax incentives or child-benefit payments for small families only.


      However, in many countries children work because their families need the additional income, no matter how small.

      It is an unfortunate fact that many employers prefer to use the services of children simply to save money by paying them less than adults and it is this type of exploitation that should be discouraged.


      There is also an economic argument for doing so. Statistics demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of treating a condition in the early stages, rather than delaying until more expensive and prolonged treatment is necessary.


      Tourism is the largest industry in the world. It surpasses trade in oil, steel, and armaments in total dollar value and in employment created.

      Often large sums of money are needed to attract tourists, so significant capital investment may be wasted.


      Space exploration is a waste of resources.

      Our dreams of exploring space are a luxury we cannot afford.


      A further point is that governments throughout the world make huge profits from levying taxes on cigarettes. This provides funds which are used for building schools, hospitals and other public amenities.

      A further issue is that smoking costs governments millions of pounds because of the large number of people who need treatment in hospitals for smoking related problems.



      This also helps to create jobs in the childcare sector, generating employment for more people.


      The nuclear industry is a major employer.


      The economic and employment situation in many countries means that jobs are getting more, not less, stressful, requiring long hours and perhaps long journeys to work as well. Therefore it may remain for many a desirable ideal rather than an achievable reality.


      Tourism increases employment opportunities. Additional jobs, ranging from low-wage, entry level to high-paying professional positions in management and technical fields, generate income and raise standards of living. As tourism increases in importance, tourism-related employment needs will also increase.

      Many hotels are part of large international chains, choosing to exploit local labour purely because it is cheap.


      The tobacco industry also employs tens of thousands of people throughout the world



      It is a breach of their natural rights to take them by force into captivity for our own purposes.

      Animals have the right to be treated as beings of value in themselves, not as the means to human ends.


      The right to life is inviolable and protected by law.

      One human right is the right to life and taking a life away by execution is cruel, inhumane and degrading.


      People should be free to participate in activities with others as long as it does not affect the safety of non-participants.


      They feel that being watched constantly is like being in a jail, and that ordinary people are losing their freedom because of these devices.


      Compulsorily retiring old employees can affect the older individual’s freedom - and right - to work and can deprive society of valuable experience and insights.


      Banning alcohol infringes people’s civil liberties to an unacceptable degree.


      While a government has a responsibility to protect its population, it also has a responsibility to defend their freedom of choice.


      Banning advertisements is a severe restriction upon freedom of speech.

      We have accepted that freedom of expression should have limits.

      The risks of stifling free expression far outweigh the potential for unacceptable material.

      An individual's rights end when they impinge on the safety and rights of others.


      Famous people deserve privacy and respect.

      Although, generally speaking, the media should not interfere in people’s private lives, there are times when it is correct to do so.


      Mothers should have as much freedom as anyone else in society to decide what is best for them and their children.


      If they feel that the child would be best educated at home, by them or by another, that is their right.


      They feel that this is one area of life where they have the right to make decisions for themselves.


      Among these opponents are “equal education” advocates, who argue that every student has the same right to enjoying high quality education regardless of gender, race, wealth, and most importantly, regardless of their minor differences in intellectual abilities.


      So-called "elite culture" should be available for all to enjoy, and not just confined to the rich.




      Whale hunting is an important aspect of some people’s cultural heritage.


      Architecture is part of a country’s cultural heritage.


      Language is a type of cultural heritage.

      Language is often seen as a badge of identity and more conflict may be created if the global community is seen to prefer one language to another.


      Television is mostly directed to films and shows that have commercial purposes but little cultural value.


      It is not purely ecosystems which are damaged by the pressure of consumption (e.g. by sewage output or pressure on water resources), but also ancient monuments or heritage sites.



      It changes our society for the worse, making us all conform to a bland, "Hollywood" model of entertainment in which regional traditions and diversity are lost.


      The diversity of languages is endlessly fascinating.


      Subsidised companies can afford to take more risks and to experiment, enabling new styles and forms of art to emerge and to become popular.


      Tourism demands that an area conform to a certain stereotyped image, requiring the local inhabitants to make a caricature of their own culture.


      Spending all your time in school restricts the circle of people you come into contact with.

      Interaction with other pupils is a crucial element of a child’s development


      PE is an aspect of school being about more than just book learning – it is about educating the whole person, a holistic education that betters us in an all-round sense, rather than a merely academic experience.



      Killing whales for human use is morally wrong.

      Modern whaling is humane, especially compared to the factory farming of animals like chickens, cow and pigs, (themselves a relatively intelligent and social species).


      Traditional hunting methods are often particularly cruel.

      Overall, however, the essential point is that it is morally wrong to kill animals for pleasure and no amount of economic benefits can make that right.


      We need to make sure that the millions of animals who are used for testing new products are treated with the minimum of suffering. Although some animal testing may be unavoidable at present, treating our fellow creatures as mercifully as possible will demonstrate our humanity.

      Those against the use of animal testing claim that it is inhumane to use animals in experiments. I disagree completely. It would be much more inhumane to test new drugs on children or adults.


      Obviously, there is a strong human argument for catching any medical condition as early as possible.



      Many scientific and cultural programs are shown on television, which give new educational opportunities for our society.


      Zoos nowadays are not marketed as places of entertainment - they are places of education.


      Free and cheap access to the arts is crucial for education.


      By executing criminals you are ruling out the possibility of rehabilitation.

      Some criminals are beyond rehabilitation;


      This could be done by a process of education that points out the way a small family can mean an improved quality of life for the family members, as well as less strain on the country’s, perhaps very limited, resources.


      If learning responsibilities and work experience are considered to be important, then children can acquire these by having light, part-time jobs or even doing tasks such as helping their parents around the family home, which are unpaid, but undoubtedly of value in children’s development.


      If they cannot play make-believe games, how can they develop their imagination? How can they learn physical co-ordination or learn important social lessons about winning and losing if they do not practice any sports?