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    雅思写作中一定要避免的10个语法错误
    2019-04-28 14:48:09      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 148

      很多考生在雅思写作中的败笔就是语法问题,我们要注意什么语法呢?一起看看小编给大家整理的内容,赶紧了解吧。

      1.搭配混淆

      cannot help

      I cannot help wondering about that girl.

      cannot help but

      Due to the present price level, we cannot help but adjust our offer.

      2.时态错误

      The quantity of women workers keep stable from 1985 to 1990.

      这个句子是小作文数据图中学生所写。此句明显有两个错误,一个是时态错误。小作文中如果数据是过去的,要采用一般过去时,所以此处要用kept.。第二个是动词 keep形式不对,这句话的主语是quantity。时态错误和主谓不一致是雅思考试写作和口语最常见的语法错误。

      3.主谓错误

      Playing computer games waste parents’ hard-earned money.

      这句话是经典的主谓不一致的错误。主句是playing computer games 动名词做主语,所以谓语动词要用单数加s。在写一个现在时的句子时,一定要注意主谓一致问题。主语是否是可数名词单数、不可数名词、动名词、不定式或是句子。如果是,并且句子中又没有使用情态动词,谓语动词要加s。

      4.定语错误

      With developing of economy, the environment had deteriorated.

      这里用了一个with 介词+名词短语,想表达伴随的概念。但是大家要牢记介词后边可以加名词、名词短语、动名词,构成介词短语以便做状语或者定语。但是developing of economy词性有问题。A of B是常见的表示所属的名词短语格式,翻译成B的 A, 这里要求 A和B必须都是名词。而developing 是形容词性质,所以应该改为 with the development of economy.。同样,我们还可以把with替换成as, 但是值得注意的是as 是连词,连词后边要加句子,所以可以写成as the economy develops。

      5.非谓语动词使用不当

      原:Comparing with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important。

      改:Compared with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important。

      评:此处是动词compare的现在分词和过去分词使用混淆了。在英语中,动词的现在分词往往表示的是主动的意思,过去分词则表示被动的含义。原句想表达的是“将成就感与钱相比”,“把…与…相比”是明显的被动含义,因此应该使用compared。

      6.语序错误

      从句不使用疑问句语序,而使用陈述句语序,即主语在前,谓语在后的顺序排列。

      错例1:Can you tell me how many students are there in this class?

      正解:Can you tell me how many studentsthere arein this class?

      7.主语从句错误

      University students receive training on job-related skills is necessary.

      又是一句读起来朗朗上口,受汉语语意影响的句子。这个句子中有 receive 和 is 两个动词,但是没有涉及到从句。university students receive training on job-related skills 已经是个完整的句子,所以要用形式主语从句 it is necessary that university students receive training on job-related skills.

      8.同义词错用

      原句:It’s indeed that people are worrying about the increasing population。

      改:It’s true that people are worrying about the increasing population。

      评:虽然二者都表示“真的”,indeed却没有it’s indeed that…的结构,此处只能用true来表示。

      9.比较错误

      The number of female students in this university is higher than male students.

      比较成份要一致。这句前边主语是the number, 后边比较对象是male students,所以正确的方式是 The number of female students in this university is higher than the number of male students. 或者The number of female students in this university is higher than that of male students.

      10.固定搭配错误

      原句:As a friend and mentor, she drew from humor, a beautiful spirit and her faith in the Aboriginal culture to accomplish her work。

      改:As a friend and mentor, she drew on humor, a beautiful spirit and her faith in the Aboriginal culture to accomplish her work。

      评:draw from: 从……中汲取(经验等), draw on:借鉴(经验等)作者本想使用一个高级的表达法,结果用错了,很可惜。

      以上就是小编为大家整理的雅思写作中一定要避免的10个语法错误,更多雅思学习请访问本站雅思培训频道。

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