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    雅思培训班老师推荐:快速找到雅思阅读题答案技巧
    2019-04-19 11:14:33      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 185

      根据雅思考试的试题统计,考试的阅读文章的长度逐渐变长,一篇阅读文章在1800-2000字。考生在规定时间内阅读文章解答题目,并非易事。学生结合文章读完题干后,还是一头雾水;怎么才能得到相应的答案。下面以雅思选择题为例,为你解开此谜团。学生对文章进行 SCAN,SKIM,SURVEY 能够快速有效地处理学术文章,即便可能有大量生词的情况下,也能准确查找定位重要信息。本文将通过实例透析雅思阅读中查找细节的技巧。

      --10 Research completed in 1982 found that in the United States soil erosion--(此题来源雅思真题)

      A reduced the productivity of farmland by 20 per cent.

      B was almost as severe as in India and China.

      C was causing significant damage to 20 per cent of farmland.

      D could be reduced by converting cultivated land to meadow or forest.

      文章第一段如下:

      All these activities may have damaging environmental impacts. For example, land clearing for agriculture is the largest single cause of deforestation; chemical fertilisers and pesticides may contaminate water supplies; more intensive farming and the abandonment of fallow periods tend to exacerbate soil erosion; and the spread of monoculture and use of high-yielding varieties of crops have been accompanied by the disappearance of old varieties of food plants which might have provided some insurance against pests or diseases in future. Soil erosion threatens the productivity of land in both rich and poor countries. The United States, where the most careful measurements have been done, discovered in 1982 that about one-fifth of its farmland was losing topsoil at a rate likely to diminish the soil's productivity. The country subsequently embarked upon a program to convert 11 per cent of its cropped land to meadow or forest. Topsoil in India and China is vanishing much faster than in America.

      题目透析:考生应仔细阅读题目的指示和说明,这些信息会告诉你在哪里寻找答案。如Academic Reading sample task – Multiple choice中题干 10 Research completed in 1982 found that in the United States soil erosion 通过阅读定位了关键词 Research,1982 ,US., soil erosion 。 然后在文章片段中快速寻找与题目相关的关键词,并注意题目中的关键词与文中关键词的联系。我们将寻找点定位在了第一段后半部分The United States, where the most careful measurements have been done, discovered in 1982 that about one-fifth of its farmland was losing topsoil at a rate likely to diminish the soil's productivity. The country subsequently embarked upon a program to convert 11 per cent of its cropped land to meadow or forest.. Topsoil in India and China is vanishing much faster。以上黑体关键信息通过阅读,成为我们快速阅读后的重点信息;

      尤其是US. In1982 我们可以快速定位到第一段后半部分。然而,通过选项信息的比对和判断得知A/B/D选项和原文内容有出入,而只有C选项“ soil erosion was causing significant damage to 20 per cent of farmland “是原文“The United States, where the most careful measurements have been done, discovered in 1982 that about one-fifth of its farmland was losing topsoil at a rate likely to diminish the soil's productivity.”的改写。而D选项“ soil erosion could be reduced by converting cultivated land to meadow or forest”是一个严重干扰项,虽然文中提到The country 接下来进行了一个退耕还林(convert cropped land to meadow or forest)的 a program[A1] ;这一细节并不是1982年美国所完成的研究所发现的内容,至于soil erosion 减少在实验中更未提到。故应选择C.

      雅思考试出题思路:“快速浏览,查找细节,掌握文章主旨”。做题思路:“由简到难,全部覆盖,有取有舍”。雅思考试的阅读题目绝大多数都是以段落为单位,考察考生对段落主旨和细节的把握。因此应“以段落为单位进行阅读”。

      一、查找细节的两个步骤:查找细节包括预测答案的可能性和划出定位词两个步骤。

      二、定位词的顺序:

      (1)、 特殊优先:特殊定位词包括数字(例如百分比,温度,货币符号等)和大写字母(例如时间,地点,专有名词等)。

      原词重现 例如:数字(1943),专有名词(New York),缩写(UN),稀有词或陌生词(stereoscopic)

      (2)、按照独特名词,独特动词,独特形容词或副词的顺序划出定位词。

      同义替换重现的常见词:

      A表上升,进步,增加等正态度词:improve, develop, grow, climb, increase, upgrade, high, rise, arise, soar, fly.

      B 表下降,落后,减少等负态度词:de开头的单词,decrease, degrade, reduce, low, decline.

      C 表损失,破坏,毁灭,灾难等负态度词:loss, damage, devastate, catastrophic, destroy.

      D表好,积极,有益等正态度的词:good, benefit, positive, available, valuable, better, optimistic, powerful, priority, vividly, robust, favor, advantage.

      E 表影响等词:effect, impact, threat, cause, danger, extinct.

      F 表范围,多样性,特点的词:kinds, range, various, variety, diversity, wide, types, traits, feature,

      (3)、常见关系重现的词或者词组有:

      因果关系:because, for, since,breed, contribute to, bring about, result in, lead to, give rise to,

      并列关系:as well as, both…and…, or, and, not only…but also…rather than,

      比较关系:as…as, like, similar, parallel, compare with,more than, less than, unlike

      转折关系:unluckily, unfortunately, but, however, on the other hand,though, although, while,

      (4)、不能作为定位词的有一下三种,他们都不具备“独特”这一特征

      A 常用的词 B文章主题词,包括文章标题出现的词和与标题内容有关的词 C 同一题型内部重复出现的词

      三、定位词的根本根本特征:一一对应

      “一一对应”的含义有以下两个方面:

      (1)、只要定位词划得准(独特的词),那么它在文章中就一定能够被定位。

      (2)、只要定位到出题句,答案就在出题句。

      最后,希望考生们在学习备考过程中和教师的引导下逐渐领悟雅思阅读学习方法和相关解题思路技巧,从而突破雅思阅读高分!

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