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    雅思写作题型详解与作文经典模板
    2019-03-28 09:49:17      来自: 重庆环球教育学校      点击: 396

      雅思写作题型的充分了解,以及雅思写作高分范文以及模板的不断积累对于大家的备考是起到促进作用的,所以建议大家能够注意多多总结并且掌握相应的雅思写作技巧。因此小编特为大家准备了雅思作文题型和经典写作模板,共大家学习参考。

      一、雅思写作学术类

      雅思考试写作(学术类)部分总共用时60分钟,考生需完成两篇作文的写作要求。

      作文一

      在作文一中,题目中会给出一些视觉性的信息,如一个或多个互相关联的图表、图解或表格,考生需对这些信息或数据进行描述。题目也可以是一个机械图、装置图、或流程图,考生需对其运作方法进行解释。作文一的内容是学术性的,因此考生应该运用学术写作的文体。

      文章字数不能少于150字,建议考生用20分钟完成。作文一考察的是考生在图表或表格中选择最重要和最相关的信息(一些次要的信息则可忽略)、并对这些信息进行清晰描述的能力,考官将对考生组织这些信息的能力以及语言使用的准确性进行评分。

      (一)作文一的评分标准

      考官将从以下方面对作文进行评分:

      1.是否完成了写作要求:考生能否有效地找到信息中关键的内容并对之进行描述和写作;

      2.连贯性和结构层次:考生能否将信息和要点进行组织,信息和要点之间的联系是否清晰;

      3.词汇来源:考生使用的词汇是否广泛、准确、且适合这一部分写作的要求;

      4.语法的多样性和准确性:考生使用的语法结构是否多样、准确、且适合这一部分写作的要求。

      (二)雅思考生需注意的方面

      1.考生需将作文写在答卷上;

      2.考生应保证字数至少达到150字,否则将会被扣分。字数多于150字不会被扣分,但考生应注意如果在作文一花费太长时间,则作文二的用时将会减少。

      3. 文章内容如果偏题或者跑题将被扣分;

      4.任何抄袭(如抄袭其他来源的内容)的作文将被重扣;

      5.文章如果不完整、内容相互没有关联将被扣分(如在任何部分使用点句或笔记形式)。

      作文二

      在作文二中,题目中会给出一个看法、问题或议题,考生需就此进行论述。根据不同的情况,考生可能需要针对问题提出解决方法、论述和证明一个看法、对比和对照论据或看法、或者评价和反驳一个论点或观点。这篇作文的内容是学术性的,因此考生应该运用正规的学术写作的、议论性的文体。考生应注意完整地阅读并回答题目中涉及的问题。考生应在写作中注意对所有的观点加以充分论述,并且所有的观点都与论点有关。考生应严密地安排选择论点、选择最为相关的论点,并在规定的时间内清晰、准确地写作成文。

      文章字数不能少于250字,建议考生用40分钟完成。作文二比作文一所占的分数比例要大,如果考生没有完成这部分内容成绩将大打折扣。这一部分考察的是考生对一个论点进行论述、并提供清晰的论据或举例支持论点的能力。考官将对考生组织这些信息的能力以及语言使用的准确性进行评分。

      (一)作文二的评分标准

      考官将从以下方面对作文进行评分:

      1.对写作任务的反应:考生能否完整地、以恰当的方式完成题目中提出的写作任务;考生的论点是否切中题目的要求、论证过程是否完整、论点是否得到了论据的支持;考生的观点是否清晰和有效;

      2.连贯性和结构层次:考生能否将信息和要点进行组织(如运用分段的能力)、信息和要点之间的联系是否清晰;

      3.词汇来源:考生使用的词汇是否广泛、准确、且适合这一部分写作的要求;

      4.语法的多样性和准确性:考生使用的语法结构是否多样、准确、且适合这一部分写作的要求。

      (二)雅思考生需注意的方面

      1.考生需将作文写在答卷上;

      2.考生应保证字数至少达到250字,否则将会被扣分。字数多于150字不会被扣分,但字数过长,则考生将没有充足的时间进行检查和校对、某些观点会跑题、或由于着急出现字迹过于潦草的情况。

      3.文章内容如果偏题或者跑题将被扣分;

      4.任何抄袭(如抄袭其他来源的内容)的作文将被重扣;

      5.文章如果不完整、内容相互没有关联将被扣分(如在任何部分使用点句或笔记形式);

      6.注意不要直接从答卷中抄下题目,这样的内容将不获评分;

      7.考生须使用自己的语言进行写作。

      二、雅思写作样题

      (一)雅思学术类写作_ACADEMIC_WRITING_TASK_1A

      Academic Writing Sample Task 1B

      WRITING TASK 1

      You should spend about 20 minutes on this task
    雅思学术类写作

      Write at least 150 words.
    雅思学术类写作

     

      (二)学术类写作_ACADEMIC_WRITING_ TASK_1B

      Academic Writing Sample Task 1A

      WRITING TASK 1

      You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
    学术类写作

      Write at least 150 words.
    学术类写作

      (三)学术类写作_ACADEMIC_WRITING_TASK_2A

      ACADEMIC WRITING SAMPLE TASK 2A

      You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

      Write about the following topic:
    学术类写作

      Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or

      experience.

      Write at least 250 words.

      (四)学术类写作_ACADEMIC_WRITING_TASK_2B

      ACADEMIC WRITING SAMPLE TASK 2B

      You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

      Write about the following topic:
    学术类写作

      Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or

      experience.

      Write at least 250 words.

      三、例文及考官点评

      Sample Candidate Writing Scripts and Examiner Comments

      Both the Academic and General Training Writing Modules consist of two tasks, Task 1 and Task 2. Each task is assessed independently. The assessment of Task 2 carries more weight in marking than Task 1.

      Detailed performance descriptors have been developed which describe written performance at the 9 IELTS bands. These descriptors apply to both the Academic and General Training Modules.

      Task 1 scripts are assessed on the following criteria:

      • Task Achievement

      • Coherence and Cohesion

      • Lexical Resource

      • Grammatical Range and Accuracy

      Task 2 scripts are assessed on the following criteria:

      • Task Response

      • Coherence and Cohesion

      • Lexical Resource

      • Grammatical Range and Accuracy

      Candidates should note that scripts will be penalised if they are a) under the minimum word length, b) partly or wholly plagiarised, c) not written as full, connected text (e.g. using bullet points in any part of the response, or note form, is not appropriate, etc.).

      Task 1

      Task Achievement

      This criterion assesses how appropriately, accurately and relevantly the response fulfils the requirements set out in the task, using the minimum of 150 words. Academic Writing Task 1 is a writing task which has a defined input and a largely predictable output. It is basically an information­transfer task which relates narrowly to the factual content of an input diagram and not to speculated explanations that lie outside the given data. General Training Writing Task 1 is also a writing task with a largely predictable output in that each task sets out the context and purpose of the letter and the functions the candidate should cover in order to achieve this purpose.Coherence and Cohesion

      This criterion is concerned with the overall clarity and fluency of the message: how the response organises and links information, ideas and language. Coherence refers to the linking of ideas through logical sequencing. Cohesion refers to the varied and appropriate use of cohesive devices (for example, logical connectors, pronouns and conjunctions) to assist in making the conceptual and referential relationships between and within sentences clear.

      Lexical Resource

      This criterion refers to the range of vocabulary the candidate has used and the accuracy and appropriacy of that use in terms of the specific task.

      Grammatical Range and Accuracy

      This criterion refers to the range and accurate use of the candidate’s grammatical resource as manifested in the candidate’s writing at sentence level.

      Task 2

      Task Response

      In both Academic and General Training Modules Task 2 requires the candidates to formulate and develop a position in relation to a given prompt in the form of a question or statement. Ideas should be supported by evidence, and examples may be drawn from the candidates’ own experience. Responses must be at least 250 words in length.

      Writing scripts are marked by trained and certificated IELTS examiners. Scores may be reported as whole bands or half­bands.

      On the next 12 pages you will find candidates’ answers to two sample Writing tests. There are two answers for each Writing task. Each answer has been awarded a band score and is accompanied by an examiner comment on the candidate’s performance for that task.

      The examiners’ guidelines for marking the Writing scripts are very detailed. There are many different ways a candidate may achieve a particular band score. The candidates’ answers that follow should not be regarded as definitive examples of any particular band score.

     

      Academic Writing Sample Task 1A

      Sample Script A
    例文及考官点评

      Examiner comment

      Band 5

      The length of the answer is just acceptable. There is a good attempt to describe the overall trends but the content would have been greatly improved if the candidate had included some reference to the figures given on the graph. Without these, the reader is lacking some important information. The answer is quite difficult to follow and there are some punctuation errors that cause confusion. The structures are fairly simple and efforts to produce more complex sentences are not successful.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 1A

      Sample Script B

      Examiner comment

      Band 6

      The candidate has made a good attempt to describe the graphs looking at global trends and more detailed figures. There is, however, some information missing and the information is inaccurate in minor areas. The answer flows quite smoothly although connectives are overused or inappropriate, and some of the points do not link up well. The grammatical accuracy is quite good and

      the language used to describe the trends is well­handled. However, there are problems with expression and the appropriate choice of words and whilst there is good structural control, the complexity and variation in the sentences are limited.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 1B

      Sample Script A
    例文及考官点评

     

      Examiner comment

      Band 6

      The answer has an appropriate introduction which the candidate has attempted to express in his/her own words. There is good coverage of the data and a brief reference to contrasting trends. The answer can be followed although it is rather repetitive and cohesive devices are overused. In order to gain a higher mark for content, the candidate would be expected to select the salient

      features of the graph and comment primarily on these. Sentences are long but lack complexity. There are some errors in tense, verb

      form and spelling which interfere slightly with the flow of the answer.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 1B

      Sample Script B
    例文及考官点评

      Examiner comment

      Band 7 The answer deals well with both the individual media trends and the overall comparison of these trends. The opening could be more

      fully developed with the inclusion of information relating to the groups studied and the period of time during which the study took

      place. There is a good variety of cohesive devices and the message can be followed quite easily although the expression is sometimes a little clumsy. Structures are complex and vocabulary is varied but there are errors in word forms, tense and voice

      though these do not impede communication.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 2A

      Sample Script A
    例文及考官点评

     

      Examiner comment

      Band 5

      The answer is short at just over 200 words and thus loses marks for content. There are some relevant arguments but these are not very well developed and become unclear in places. The organisation of the answer is evident through the use of fairly simple connectives but there are problems for the reader in that there are many missing words and word order is often incorrect. The structures are quite ambitious but often faulty and vocabulary is kept quite simple.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 2A

      Sample Script B
    例文及考官点评

      Examiner comment

      Band 6

      There are quite a lot of ideas and while some of these are supported better than others, there is an overall coherence to the answer. The introduction is perhaps slightly long and more time could have been devoted to answering the question. The answer is fairly easy to follow and there is good punctuation. Organisational devices are evident although some areas of the answer become unclear and would benefit from more accurate use of connectives. There are some errors in the structures but there is also evidence of the production of complex sentence forms. Grammatical errors interfere slightly with comprehension.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 2B

      Sample Script A
    例文及考官点评

     

      Examiner comment

      Band 5

      Although the script contains some good arguments, these are presented using poor structures and the answer is not very coherent. The candidate has a clear point of view but not all the supporting arguments are linked together well and sometimes ideas are left unfinished. There is quite a lot of relevant vocabulary but this is not used skilfully and sentences often have words missing or lapse

      into different styles. The answer is spoilt by grammatical errors and poor expression.

      Academic Writing Sample Task 2B

      Sample Script B
    例文及考官点评

      Examiner comment

      Band 7

      The answer is well­written and contains some good arguments. It does tend to repeat these arguments but the writer’s point of viewremains clear throughout. The message is easy to follow and ideas are arranged well with good use of cohesive devices. There are minor problems with coherence and at times the expression is clumsy and imprecise. There is a wide range of structures that are well handled with only small problems in the use of vocabulary, mainly in the areas of spelling and word choice.

     

      四、雅思写作模板

      同意与否文体

      There is no denying that the specific issue of sth./ 或接whether 从句 has become controversial. However, in spite of those who are against/ for …, I approve wholeheartedly of/ 或 I strongly object to the idea that …

      Those who hold negative/ positive attitude towards … believe that … may exert adverse/ significant effect on us. … is always top of the list of their argument. For example,… (请用举例子的方法解释). Besides, those critics/ advocates also claim that … (此处写第二个原因)for the reason that ….

      It is often the case that …(此处总结上段反方提出的几个观点)。But when it comes to …, …, and …,(此处先总结写你所支持的几个理由),an increasing number of people including me are convinced that .. .For one thing, …。The evidence recently presented in research journals available to the public confirms that …此处写调查结果,通过数字来证明自己所列举的理由1。 Similarly,… should also deserve our special attention. In other words, …(换种说法解释)。If…not, ..(反过来在说一遍)。Last but not least, …

      Obviously, it is hard for both sides to come to an agreement on this complicated issue, but I still commit to the notion that …(再重申你的立场)。

      Agree or disagree (两边分)

      Introduction

      Recent years have witnessed …………………(背景), which has aroused a heated debate of whether …………….(把要讨论的话题引入进来) Views on this issue vary from person to person. From my point of view, before airing my own opinion, I do think it’s necessary to analyze / explore this thorny issue from different angles / both sides of this thorny issue.

      Main body

      Those who ………………(正面观点)tend to present the following reasons. To begin with, …………… In addition, ……………….. What’s more, ……………… ………..(尽量用不同的论证方法)

      However, other people may examine / explore this issue from another angle. For one thing, ……... For another thing, ……………. Furthermore, ……………..

      Conclusion

      In conclusion, although it’s very difficult / hard to draw / come to / reach / arrive at an absolute conclusion to this issue, I would not hesitate to assent to the former / latter viewpoint because I’m fully convinced that ………………………

      利弊

      It is undeniable that the specific issue of sth./ 或接whether 从句 has become controversial. However, in spite of those who believe that sth. have more negative/positive effects, I hold opposite attitude.

      The drawbacks of sth are obvious. Some people are really concerned about … They hold that …(请解释)。 Other feel upset at …(另外一个弊端), which will damage …/endager ….

      It is often the case that …(此处总结上段提出的两个弊端)。But when it comes to …, …, and …,(此处先总结写你认同的几个好处),an increasing number of people including me are convinced that …...For one thing, …。 The evidence recently presented in research journals available to the public confirms that … 写调查结果,通过数字来证明自己所列举的好处1. Besides, 。。。(另外一个好处). In other words, …(换种说法解释)。This is another aspect of how sth benefits us.

      All in all, sth has played a significant role in … It has both upsides and downsides. But it is my firm belief that its disadvantages/advantages of … outweigh the advantages/disadvantages.

      原因问题解决型

      There is no doubt that the specific issue of sth./ 或接whether 从句 has become a pressing one, not only to the government, but also to individuals. From my point of view, this may attribute to the following contributing factors. / this surely has produced some serious problems below.

      One possible reason is concerned with … It is well-known that …(对该原因进行解释)。

      Besides, … also attributes partly to sth.

      Another thing that deserves our special attention is …

      (Apparently, if no action is taken, some serious problems would be aroused.) For example, …

      Moreover, another problem I should point out lies in the fact that … Last but not least, …

      As far as the thorny issue is concerned, several effective measures should be put into practice as soon as possible. In the first place...... this sensible way has achieved some effectiveness in some areas. Moreover, …

      To sum up, the reasons/ problems of … provided above are a few of the many but are worth our special attention. It is certain that only the government and the authorities concerned join hands in solving this pressing matter can the situation be improved greatly in the near future.

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